Ancient Greeks said that pain is a health guard dog. When you feel pain, it’s simply impossible to ignore it. It’s like a cry of help. As it is known to many of us – began to hurt the back. What to do? Disregard After all, the backache hurts almost everyone: a neighbor, an aunt, a colleague. But you can not ignore it – pain interrupts sleep, moves, and prevents work. Better try to decrypt this encrypted message sent by your body – pain – to evaluate its origin, nature, duration, symptoms, and tell the doctor as clearly as possible to determine the cause of back pain, to administer the correct treatment. And that’s not as easy as it might seem at first glance.

The causes of back pain

Swaddling, lumbar swaddling is characterized by an irregular posture, spinal eruption. This is one of the most common causes of back pain. If you wake up, stand or sit tilting, the muscles of the movement are tensile-tensed, not the back. These, working not at work, get tired and take a bath.

By actively exercising, working in the garden or treating at home, uncomfortable raising a hard object, people can tighten the back muscles. For women, this usually happens in two cases: when the hinges cause a heavy object (should be tightened!) Or when it puts the child through the narrow car door (bending and rotating simultaneously). There is a strong, motion-disturbing back pain.

Etiological or nocturnal recurrent pain in the back pain, especially in people with multiple diseases of the joints of the joints, characterized by chronic spinal articular diseases.

If the elderly woman starts swallowing the loins, back pain, stronger in the evening, lifting someone, if the backbone gets slightly deformed, the height decreases, a hump appears – these symptoms can be evidence of osteoporosis with vertebral fractures.

Acute swelling of the waist or neck, swollen posture – signs of an intervertebral hernia. If the hernia is high and pushes the nerve root – the pain may spread to the leg, it may be disturbing sensitivity, numbness, even muscle weakness. Disk hernia is not such a common cause of back pain as it is thought. Herniated radiculalgia or radiculopathy is detected in only 2 to 10% of patients with acute lumbar pain. The stent can be imagined as a multilayer sandwich consisting of hard spine and flexible disks present in it, similar to a strong container made of fibrous tissue, filled with gel-like fluid. The discs perform a damping function – absorb shocks and facilitate movements. And as they age, blood flow decreases, they lose water and wear more and more until the brooch collapses, and the kernel breaks, often by cramming the nerve root or the spinal canal. Long seating in one place, lack of movement, and inconvenient low furniture speeds up the process of wearing discs and brush up the drive holes.

Facet joint syndrome, common in people between the ages of 30-40, is due to damage to the intervertebral joints, causing difficulty during sudden swings. Clinically, there is a feeling of leg cramping in the leg, especially over the knee, the lower back of the leg.

It should be kept in mind that back pain can be a major, and sometimes even the only, symptom of serious internal illness. For example, the pain of the lungs, which spreads to the palate, groin, thigh, and lower abdomen, may indicate a pathology of the kidneys or ureters (inflammation or stomach). Back pain is often a symptom of gynecological diseases (endometriosis, ovarian cysts, etc.), ischemic heart disease, oncological and other serious diseases of the stomach, bladder stones.

Back pain can often be psychogenic. Unfortunately, there are no specific symptoms to distinguish this pain from others, so the main way to diagnose psychosomatic back pain is to deny other possible illnesses. If we are constantly experiencing stress, sooner or later, psychological problems accumulate in such a way that they simply “turn out to be waiting” and experience painful body sensations. It starts to hurt your back, often with your head, neck, stomach or heart. This bundle of body ailments prompts rushing to doctors, doing a lot of research, pointing out the limits of a variety of professionals, starting with a cardiologist and ending with a gynecologist. No results, and medicines and procedures do not help, because the cause of the problem is not physical but spiritual. Such patients should first of all be aided by a psychotherapist. Patients with depression often feel painless back pain.

However, back pain is not necessarily a symptom of the disease. During your menstruation you may have a backache, especially a lower back. This is caused by nerve impulses from the uterus and ovary. In the last months of pregnancy almost all future mothers complain of back pain. The ever-increasing abdomen replaces the center of the body’s equilibrium, and the hormonal balance changes in pregnant women: the increase in progesterone and relaxation, which aims to increase tissue elasticity. It is very useful during labor, but the back muscles therefore cause additional stress.

When Should You Go to the Doctor?

One thing is obvious – when you have a back pain, it is risky to treat yourself. It would be better to consult your doctor, especially if the pain does not go away for 2-3 weeks. It is very important to ask a doctor as soon as possible if the back pain spreads below the knee, fever, vomiting, stomach ache, nausea, weakness, weight loss or pain begins after trauma, is severe, aggravates movement. In case of foot, leg weakness, urination or bowel movement, urgent medical attention is required! Strong pressure on the nerve root or spinal canal is possible and urgent surgical treatment may be necessary. In order to avoid spinal problems, deterioration of the disease, important constant physical activity (but not professional sports), you need to strengthen the spinal muscles, get rid of overweight, properly nourishing. It is good to avoid static positions. If you have to stand for a long time, you should do even the slightest movements – move the calf muscles, move your fingers and lay on the heels, improve blood circulation, and move the spine. The worst posture for the backbone is sitting, especially if you are choking, so the desk, chair and computer screen must be at the right height, it’s important to use physiologically fit backrests, make breaks. For long driving a car, it’s a good idea to do some exercise breaks.

According to the micro-surgeon from Sydney, it is possible to improve the general condition of the spine in various ways, but it is not possible to restore the hernias in place. As with other auxiliary measures, roll back the toothpaste squeezed out of the tube. Therefore, it is important to trust the professionals, to seek help from serious, accredited medical institutions, where experienced specialists will provide diagnostic research, treatment, and will select appropriate rehabilitation measures appropriately for each suitable person: exercise, massage, water or physiotherapy.